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World Orienteering Championships 2019 (WOC): 12. - 17. August - Østfold - Norway

 

 


We are delighted to welcome athletes and audiences alike to Østfold for the 2019 WOC. We will do everything to ensure these days and nights become a memorable experience for participants at WOC 2019 and other visitors.

 

Here you will find information and inspiration regarding the venues and the rest of Østfold:

 

 

 

PHOTOS: 
Here you can pick and choose photos from Østfold, free of charge. Remember to publish photo credit line / copyright.

 

 

SARPSBORG

 

  • Monday 12.8
    16:00 - 18:30 Spectator race sprint, Kulås Park, Sarpsborg
    18:30 - 19:00 Mini concert, Sarpsborg town square
    19:00 – 20:00 Opening ceremony, Sarpsborg town quare
  • Tuesday 13.8
    10:00 – 12:25 Qualifying middle distance, Knatterudfjellet, Sarpsborg
    12:30 – 17:00 Spectator race middle distance, Knatterudfjellet, Sarpsborg
    13:30 – 17:00 Norway Cup, junior middle distance, Knatterudfjellet, Sarpsborg
  • Thursday 15.8
    19:00 Official dinner, Inspiria, Sarpsborg
  • Friday 16.8
    19:30 – 21.15 Prize giving ceremonies and cultural program, Sarpsborg town square
  • Saturday 17.8
    22:00 Farewell party


See full program. 

 

 

Sarpsborg looks forward to welcoming athletes and audiences alike to Østfold for WOC 2019. Sarpsborg holds the opening ceremony at Sarpsborg square on 12.8 and on the 16.8 all are welcome to attend the medal awards ceremony at Sarpsborg square. We will do what we can to ensure these two evenings will be a memorable experience for all visitors and participants at WOC 2019.

 

Millennium anniversary

In 2016, Sarpsborg celebrated its millennium.Sarpsborg was founded by Olav Haraldsson (St. Olaf) in 1016 at Sarp Falls, one of the largest waterfalls in Europe, making the city the third oldest in Norway. Hydropower was the beating pulse of the city during its heyday of sawmills and industry. Today, Sarpsborg has 56,000 inhabitants and offers nature experiences with forest, water and lakes, numerous indoor activities and, not the least, many exciting cultural events and major festivals.

Hafslund Manor

Hafslund Manor in Sarpsborg is one of the finest manorial houses in Norway.
A long line of royal personages have visited the manor through the centuries. The illustrious and beautiful Haflsund Manor in Sarpsborg is today a protected cultural monument. The main building is from 1762. It was constructed to replace the former baroque manor, which burnt down in 1758. Few Norwegian manorial houses have preserved and maintained their buildings and gardens in such a faithful manner.

Sarp Falls

Sarp Falls is a "landmark" of Sarpsborg, not least for its central role in the city's industrial history and development. With the greatest volume of water of any falls in Scandinavia, Sarp Falls naturally has a chequered history, as a source of power, natural phenomenon and as an ancient execution site.
The first stretch of falls was formed about 4,000 years ago. As the mountain threshold continued to rise above sea level, the drop of the waterfall increased. Around the time of the birth of Christ, the falls were about 15 metres high, rising to 20 metres when Olav Haraldsson first determined that the landscape was a worthy site for a new capital, while today the drop is close to 23 metres, relative to sea level. At Sandesund, a short distance below the falls, the height above sea level is 1.5 metres.

Borregaard

The name of Borregaard was linked to the royal seat of Borgargjerdi at the time of St. Olaf (1016). In 1312, the estate went from being a royal estate to a manor house and the name gradually evolved to Borregaard. The estate changed hands many times until 1889 when an English company, the Kellner Partington Paper Pulp Company Ltd. took ownership. In 1918, Borregaard was acquired by Norwegian owners. That company established a cellulose factory in the area next to Sarp Falls. Thus modern industry made its entrance with the construction of what would later become one of the largest industrial plants in Norway.
Today, Borregaard boasts one of the world's most advanced bio-refineries. Using natural, sustainable raw materials, Borregaard produces advanced environmentally friendly biochemicals and biomaterials that can replace petroleum based products.

Bogarsyssel Museum

Bogarsyssel Museum is the county museum of Østfold. It lies close to the spot where St. Olaf founded the city in 1016. Bogarsyssel Museum was established in 1921 and is located alongside the ruins of St. Nicholas' Church from about 1115. The museum documents and mediates cultural history from all of Østfold from the Middle Ages up to the current era.
In 2016, Bogarsyssel Museum opened the interpretive centre, Olaf's Hall. With Olaf's Hall, the museum finally has something to offer to the public year round. From its 30-metre high tower one can enjoy a panorama of Sarp Falls, the Glomma river and the entire town.

Jubilee Sculpture, Genesis

The millennium sculpture, titled Genesis, by renowned artist Finn Eirik Modahl was unveiled by King Harald on 29th July during the millennium celebrations (2016) at newly renovated St. Marie square in Østre. The sculpture was a gift from Sparebankstifelsen DNB to Sarpsborg on the occasion of the town's jubilee. The sculpture is based on key aspects of Sarpsborg, the city's founder, St. Olaf, and the celebrated waters. Here Olaf is represented as a young person from the present viewing the future while emerging from the water. The 5-metre high bust of Olaf is made of mirrored steel. This means that all of us - the entire community of Sarpsborg - can see ourselves reflected in the sculpture. The Jubilee sculpture reminds us that we are a modern, emerging community on our way upward and onward.

Kulås Park

Kulås Park is a green oasis right in the centre and a recreational area for the town's residents. The park, Østfold's largest urban park, includes trails, playgrounds for children and a large amphitheatre for concerts and other events.
The park also contains over 40 Iron Age grave mounds, the oldest dating to the early Christian era. These monuments of the past testify to significant settlement in the area long before St. Olaf came sailing upriver to found Sarpsborg in 1016.

Relics

Sarpsborg has been inhabited since the ice retreated and made the area habitable
for humans. Which is why there is much visible evidence of our earliest ancestors' presence within the municipal boundaries. No other municipality in the country has registered as many rock carvings as Sarpsborg. In addition, there are countless other monuments from our long history. Cairns, sunken lanes, bauta (memorial) stones related to burial sites and village castles, to name a few.

Tunevannet/Lande Park

Few towns are so blessed to have two parks like Kulås Park and Lande Park.
Here in Lande Park, lying alongside Tunevannet lake, you can take a delightful stroll along pathways that wend between tall pine trees. The festival of St. Olaf is held here each summer, with Viking battles, jugglers, crafts, music, food and stories from the genuine age of Vikings.
Tunevannet is an inland lake on Tunøya in Sarpsborg municipality in Østfold, just 2 kilometres from Sarpsborg centre. In Lande Park (by Tunevannet), you will find a fine beach. The swimming area is accessible for the disable, it has a plunge tower, sunbathing lawns, toilets and kiosk. Tunevannet is also renowned for its fishing. It is possible to fish for pike, perch, roach, bream and more.

 

 

 

INNER ØSTFOLD

SPYDEBERG

 

  • Wednesday 14.8
    10:35 – 18:10 Final long distance, Mørk, Spydeberg
    10:15 – 14:00 Public event, middle distance, Mørk, Spydeberg
  • Friday 16.8
    10:00 – 14:30 Public event, middle distance, Mørk, Spydeberg
    11:05 – 13:30 Norway Cup Jr., joint start, Mørk, Spydeberg
    13:25 – 18:10 Final, middle distance, Mørk, Spydeberg
  • Saturday 17.8
    11:30 – 16:00 Public long distance, Mørk, Spydeberg
    16:20 – 20:30 Final, relay, Mørk, Spydeberg
    20:00 – 20:30 Medal ceremony, Mørk, Spydeberg
    20:30 – 20:45 Closing ceremony, Mørk Spydeberg

 

See full program. 

 

Spydeberg is a municipality in Indre Østfold

The municipality is located approx. 50 kilometres southeast of Oslo, and is a long and narrow settlement along the western banks of the Glomma. In an area of 142 km², there are 5,500 inhabitants. After primary route E18 and the rail-line (1882) were laid down across the municipality, the station town gradually evolved into a commercial centre. There are a range of goods and services on offer. The highest point is Spydeberg Varde, 258 metres above sea level.

The municipality could be described as a commuter area for the Oslo region. This can be ascribed to good infrastructural links including bus and rail connections.  Good opportunities for children mean that many families relocate here. The municipality is the leading growth municipality in Indre Østfold. Several new residential areas are under construction close to the centre.

On January 1, 2020 Spydeberg municipality will merge with four other municipalities (Askim, Eidsberg, Hobøl and Trøgstad) – and these will form the largest agricultural municipality in Norway. The new municipality will be named "Indre Østfold".

 

MAIN VENUE FOR WOC:
MØRK GOLF

The main venue this year is Mørk Golf, which serves as a fantastic golf course all the rest of the year. This year Mørk Golf is celebrating its 30th anniversary. The location of Mørk Golf is unique in its proximity to several major population centres while also being an ideal place to relax, find inner peace and replenish energy. This is a place where you can encounter wild creatures and experience the magnificence of nature. 

It is believed that the Mørk estate dates back to 1330. At that time the estate consisted of a total area of almost 1400 hectares. The origin of Mørk estate seems to have been where the great house of Mørk N lies today (the venue for this year's WOC). Mørk was part of Oslo Bishopric until the reformation in 1536 when the king took control and sold a great deal to private individuals.


It is believed the first sawmill was erected here around 1570. In 1950 the sawmills were shut down after almost 400 years of operation in the Mørk area. 

 

 

Spydeberg played a central role in the dissolution of the union with Sweden

This year, troops from many countries will battle for World Championship medals in the Spydeberg forest. But not far from the World Championship venue at Mørk, bloody wars were twice fought in the last 200 years.
Østfold has experienced more than its fair share of disturbance and war throughout history. Many people know, for example, that Swedish King Charles the 12th was slain at Fredriksten in 1718 during the Great Northern War. By the terms of the Treaty of Kiel in January 1814, Denmark was forced to concede Norway to Sweden.
126 years later the enemy approached from the opposite direction. On Thursday, April 11, 1940, German forces that had just landed in Oslo were ordered to march direct to Østfold. Approximately 1500 troops marched through Hobøl and Spydeberg to the meet the attacking German military, despite Norwegian forces numbering no more than 4000 - 5000 men.

Spydeberg Rectory/landscape gardens

Spydeberg Rectory played a key role in the events that led to the union with Sweden in 1814. Military headquarters were located there from the 6th to the 9th of August. As many Norwegians are aware, this resulted in the adoption of one of Europe's most liberal constitutions and the people freely elected Christian Frederick to be monarch.

Jacob Nicolai Wilse was born on 24 January 1735. He was a Danish-Norwegian priest, naturalist and chronicler of local history and topography. In Copenhagen he studied theology, French, German, Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry. In 1768, he graduated as Magister in Philosophy and in 1784 was awarded the title, Professor of Theology. Wilse had an abiding interest in meteorological visual language which contributed to the establishment of meteorology as an independent science at the start of the 19th century.

Wilse was an enthusiastic advocate for garden cultivation in 18th century Norway. The gardens at the rectory in Spydeberg were the focus of his efforts and remain the best documented gardens in Norway from the 18th century. The restoration of Wilse's formal gardens began in 2012. They were restored and reopened on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution in 2014. Both Spydeberg rectory and gardens are open to the public.

Glomma - the river

The Glomma is Norway's longest river at a length of about 604 km. It flows through several municipalities in Indre Østfold. The river rises in Aursunden in northeastern Røros municipality and flows into Oslo Fjord at Fredrikstad. The Glomma served as a natural defensive line during several wars.

Øyeren – part of the Glomma watershed: There are 25 fish species in Øyeren, making it the lake in Norway with most fish species. It is also possible to cruise along Øyeren aboard the MS Øyeren.

Skiptvet

In Skiptvet, along the banks of the Glomma, you will find the Nes Timber Floating Museum in Skiptvet. Here you can explore the history of the period when Glomma bustled and thrived with timber transportation on the river. The Nes timber/log boom was established in 1852 and in its heyday employed 300 people. Logging and the timber boom were an important source of income and way of life in the district. Log driving was discontinued in 1985.

The Halden Canal

Another important waterway in the district is the Halden Canal. The Halden Canal is the oldest of two canals in Norway. The canal was built in the years 1852-1860 and has three locks – Ørje, Strømsfoss and Brekke. At 28 metres, the latter has the highest lock drop of any canal in northern Europe. The Halden Canal was built to accommodate log floating between Skulerud, the rail terminus at Urskog Hølandsbanen and Tistedalen sawmills. Log transportation ceased in 1982. Today, you can cruise the canal by passenger boat or on your own vessel. An adventurous and historical journey through beautiful scenery and spectacular canal lock systems. Over its entire length, Halden canal has a height differential of a full 40 metres, distributed across 3 lock systems.

 

MS Brekke cruises regularly all summer from Tistedal, and a round trip through Brekke Locks (Wednesday/Friday), and all the way up to Strømsfoss on Sundays. Several lean-tos have been constructed along the route which are free to use and it is possible to rent canoes at several locations.
Ørje is one of Norway's largest steamboat areas, where you can board the DS Turisten on scheduled trips during the summer. This ship from 1887 survived until the 1960s when she sank. Raised in the 90s, restored at a cost of NOK 40 million and returned to the water in 2009.

 

At Haldnevassdraget Canal Museum in Ørje you can learn more about the canal and the flora and fauna surrounding it and within it.
Halden Canal is known for its pike fishing and many Germans find their way here every year for catch and release. Catch and release.

 

 

 

ASKIM and EIDSBERG

Askim

Askim is one of Østfold's 6 towns and a regional centre in Indre Østfold.
For many, Askim Municipality is associated with waterfalls and industry. Askim Municipality has a diverse commercial base with some large and many small businesses. Many of the companies in Askim are oriented towards regional, national and international markets. Askim is one of the country's largest power-generating municipalities (approx. 3% of the hydropower production in Norway) with 3 large river power stations on the Glomma. Solbergfoss, Kykkelsrud and Vamma.

 

The power plants in Indre Østfold are among Norway's oldest, and Vamma is Norway’s largest river-based power station. From right back in the 1600s, the falls at Kykkelsrud were used as a source of energy for both milling and sawmills. In 1903, the power plant at Kykkelsrud was completed. Initially, Oslo was the main beneficiary of the power produced. In 1907, the next grand power project was begun in Askim – Vamma. After some debate, leading politicians agreed that the overall development of the waterfalls from Solbergfoss to Mørkfoss should be done as one power plant. The first stage of construction was completed in 1924. So in 1925, three of the country’s largest hydropower plants were in operation in Askim and all were Norwegian owned. 

 

The most famous attraction in Indre Østfold and Østfold is Østfoldbadet Adventure Centre – a water park that offers great activities for both adults and children. This summer they also opened an outdoor area. The centre features a competitive pool, training pool, hot water pool and wave pool. In addition, there are whirlpool baths, hot tubs and slides. The café serves both hot and cold food. People come from afar to experience the fantastic water attractions.

 

Romsåsen nickel mines in Askim are one of only two nickel mines in Norway that are open to the public. Romsåsen nickel mines are from 1866, and nickel was extracted here for just 10 years. Of the 30 nickel mines found in this country, Romsåsen is currently one of two mines that welcome visitors. Romsåsen is also one of only three places in the country where norite rock (kulenoritt) is found, and the place with most hibernating bats in Norway.

Askim Frukt og Bærpresseri (fruit and berry press) in Askim is also well worth a visit. It has become quite a visitor centre in itself. It also has a small café where you can get something light to eat as well as sales of their own and other local products.

 

One of our most recent attractions in Askim is Sprett trampoline park and bowling. 

 

Between Mysen and Askim lies Monaryggen - a three to four kilometre long gravel moraine. The ridge was formed at the end of the last Ice Age as the ice melted, about 9,000 to 10,000 years ago. The Mona moraine is the largest formation of its type in Northern Europe but is now much reduced by several major quarries and development of the E18 which traverses it.

 

Eidsberg

Eidsberg Municipality has 11,000 inhabitants. In the 2020 Municipality merger: resulting in – joins 4 municipalities in 2020 – becoming 50,000 inhabitants. Askim, Hobøl, Spydeberg, Trøgstad and will be named Indre Østfold Municipality. Currently has an area of 235.91 km2.

Mysen is the administrative centre and is a station city on the eastern line of the Østfold railway. European Route 18 runs through the municipality and is an important transport artery between Oslo and Stockholm. Mysen is the centre of the municipality with a wide range of retail businesses and youth activities with sports and leisure clubs. The landscape in this municipality is mostly open with large fertile areas that help to make Eidsberg an agricultural municipality with 33 % of the municipal area under cultivation.

 

Momarken Racetrack: Eidsberg Municipality’s most famous attraction is Momarken racetrack, which is one of the country’s most active harness racing tracks with around 50 race days a year. In addition, Momarken’s car racing track has been upgraded to host European Rallycross rounds.

 

Høytorp Fort: There are several fortresses and forts in Østfold. In the past, the largest and most modern inland fort was Høytorp Fort in Mysen. Construction was begun in 1912 and completed in 1918. 

 

In Indre Østfold you will find large expanses of woodland with unspoilt nature. The largest expanse is called Fjella - Østfold’s largest continuous forested area. Fjella is located between Rakkestad, Eidsberg, Marker and Aremark. A great hiking area that can be enjoyed year round. There are marked trails, and the dining cabin, Einarbu, is open on Sundays/winter season. The terrain is undulating with idyllic clearances and rich fishing. 

 

The area also offers many lookout towers - Linnekleppen (Marker, Rakkestad, Eidsberg) is Northern Europe's only manned fire watchtower. From the tower, you can view extensive forest areas in south east Norway and parts of Sweden. The tower was erected in 1908 and is manned in June, July and August. A larger tower replaced the original in 1936. On a clear day you can see all the way to Gaustatoppen from Linnekleppen. 

 

In Rømskog, you will find a fire lookout tower on Haukenes Fell. This tower was renovated as a DNT Cabin and there is no more elevated spot to sleep overnight in Østfold.

 

We can also offer birdwatching towers for those interested in ornithology. In Marker, Trøgstad and Eidsberg there are four such towers.

  

The sites at Høgnipen in Rakkestad are the oldest findings of human settlement in Norway. Around 10,000 years ago, Høgnipen was an island facing the sea. The climate was cold and damp. Stone age people hunted and fished here. This was not a permanent settlement, rather a seasonal summer residence. Today there are only traces following excavations on the site. At Høgnipen, there is also a viewing spot. Here there is a small wooden tower, six meters high, but with good views. You can see the chimneys of Borregaard in Sarpsborg, Isesjøen lake and the fire lookout tower at Linnekleppen. 

 

 

 

FREDRIKSTAD and HVALER

 

  • Thursday 15.8
    09:00 – 13:15 Public race middle distance, Kongsten, Fredrikstad
    16:00 – 17:30 IOF Family / Media race, Hvaler

 
See full program. 

 

Fredrikstad 

Fredrikstad was founded on September 12, 1567 by King Frederick II of Denmark and Norway. This took place during the Northern Seven Years War. During this war between Denmark-Norway and Sweden, the Swedes burned Sarpsborg, which King Olav (St. Olaf) had founded in 1016. The population of the burned city wanted to ensure their new city was less vulnerable to such attacks in the future. In 1569, the new name, Fredriksstad (after the king), replaced the old name of Sarpsborg. The founding of Fredrikstad can therefore be seen as a revival of Sarpsborg. The area of Gleng, where the old city had been, was administratively and legally bound to Fredrikstad.


Fredrikstad has approx. 80,000 inhabitants and is Østfold's largest, East Norway's second largest city and Norway's seventh largest municipality measured by number of inhabitants.


Fredrikstad is often characterized as Norway's first Renaissance city, with quarters bounded by streets laid down in a regular pattern. A rose by any other name. The city is also sometimes called Plank Town (Plankebyen), thanks to the many sawmills that were set up at the mouth of the Glomma. FMV (Fredrikstad Mechanical Works), also known as Værste, was once Norway's largest shipyard. Today, the area is transformed into one of the country's largest educational and business development areas, with Høgskolen in Østfold, the Academy for Performing Arts and the Wang elite sports academy. Fredrikstad Stadion can found here, architecturally integrated into one of the old workshop halls. In a few years, a new educational institute will be built at Værste and a new ice rink: Arena Fredrikstad. A considerable number of apartments and student residences have been constructed in the area. Værste AS is the leading developer. The old shipyard cranes are a well-known landmark and have protected status.


Today's city centre is located on the west side of the Glomma. The historical centre, Gamlebyen, the old town, is on the east bank and is today considered Northern Europe's best preserved fort town. The old town is thus Fredrikstad's most recognisable landmark. The distinctive red and white urban ferries are the city's water transport links and since they were made free to the public in 2014, the number of passengers increased from 350,000 to 1,200,000 a year.

Norway's most attractive city: Fredrikstad was designated Norway's most attractive city 2017 by the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation. The jury found that: Fredrikstad stands out in some important areas that the jury believes other cities and towns can be inspired by. The first thing is choosing to offer free ferry transport to link the neighbourhoods of Gamlebyen in the east, the centre and Kråkerøy in the south in a natural and inclusive way. The second is the city's proactive investment in the centre which has yielded results. The third is the way in which the municipality, collaborating with other actors, applies research and new knowledge in their way of working.

The old town of Fredrikstad - Gamlebyen: with its unique city buildings within the well-preserved 17th century fortifications, makes it the best preserved fortress town in Northern Europe. The old town is both well-preserved and vibrant. Approximately 450 people live within its walls.
Here the Convention of Moss was signed by Crown Prince Carl Johan (b. Jean Bernadotte) on behalf of the Swedish king in 1814.

Kongsten Fort is among Fredrikstad's many unique cultural monuments and is part of Fredrikstad fortress - Gamlebyen. The fort is known for its casemates (vaulted chambers). From Kongsten there is a breathtaking view of the city and the district, and it is a great destination for an excursion with a picnic basket and within walking distance of Gamlebyen.

 

Fun Facts:

The first Norwegian to fly a plane over Norwegian soil was called Hans Fleischer Dons.
The flight was from Horten to Fredrikstad on 1 June 1912.
The first electric lighting system in Norway was built in Fredrikstad in 1887.
The first electric lamp in Norway was lit at Lisleby Bruk in 1897.
Norway's first steam-driven sawmill was fired up at Gutzeit's sawmill at Seiersborg in Fredrikstad in 1860
Europe's first biogas fuelled truck, Fredrikstad, July 2009
Jimmy Fallon's great-grandfather is from Fredrikstad

 

Hvaler

Hvaler is an island municipality outside Fredrikstad, consisting of 833 islets (holms) and skerries. Skjærhalden is the largest village in Hvaler and is on Kirkøy. There is a guest marina, shops and restaurants Ytre Hvaler National Park has an exhibition in Kornmagasinet and in summertime children can meet King Neptune on the pier. At Hvaler you can fish, swim, dine out, sail, sunbathe on smooth scrubbed rocks, go paddling or explore Ytre Hvaler National Park. You can visit Hvaler by bicycle, by boat, by car or by public transport. Ytre Hvaler National Park is Norway's first Marine National park. The National Park has extensive areas with living coral reefs. The Tistler Reef is the world's largest cold-water coral reef at 1200 metres long. On land, there is rich animal and plant life with many endangered species, such as rare poppies, orchids and butterflies.

 

 

 

HALDEN - THE BORDER TOWN


Halden is an idyllic little town located next to Iddefjord. Cobbled streets, large and small shops, cosy restaurants, the river promenade and the guest marina are right in the centre. The mighty Fredriksten fortress looms above Halden's town centre. With its beautiful 600-acre grounds, the fortress is one of the country's most popular tourist attractions.

 

After a failed attack against the capital, the Swedish king Charles XII turned his forces against Fredrikshald (Halden was named Fredrikshald until 1928). After major losses on both sides, the fortress and town defenders were fought into near submission. On July 4, 1716, as a last resort, desperate citizens set the town ablaze to drive out the Swedish king and his soldiers.

 

Iddefjord runs from the idyllic Hvaler islands to Berby in Enningdalen, the fjord forming the boundary with Sweden.


Svinesund Bridge - Europe’s most besutiful border crossing 

Facts on the old Svinesund Bridge:

  • 15 June 1946, the granite Svinesund Bridge was inaugurated
  • 67 meters above the fjord
  • 15 June 2005, the granite Svinesund Bridge was given protected status.

 

Facts on the new Svinesund Bridge:

  • 10 June 2005, the new Svinesund bridge was inaugurated
  • 704 meters long
  • The roadway is 60 meters above the fjord
  • Arch height is 92 meters above the fjord
  • The bridge section below the arch is 126 metres long, but can grow up to 1 metre in the summer heat due to the steel expanding.
  • The bridge is built to last at least 120 years
  • Today, approx. 16,000 vehicles cross the border daily

 

The Monolith – Iddefjord granite

The Monolith in Vigeland Park in Oslo is made of granite from Iddefjord in Halden.

In 1922, the 280-tonne stone block, which would be transformed into 121 figures with a total height of 17 metres, was carved out and transported by sea to Oslo – it was hoisted onto the ship WITHOUT a crane!

Vigeland Park “was born” in Halden. Virtually all granite, cobblestones, sculptures and other installations are from Iddefjord. The newly opened “Monolith Museum” at Iddefjord. A reconstruction of the stone block, which is as large as the stone monolith was when it was taken out of the mountain at Hov. That is, a 2.5 x 2.5 x 17 metre crate and inside the crate there will be images and objects that tell the story.

 

Fredriksten Fortress

A living history stretching over 350 years - from being the country’s most important defensive construction to one of the country’s most spectacular cultural venues. The fortress is a favourite hiking area and offers accommodation and dining. Each year, over 200,000 people visit the fortress.

 

Other attractions and fun facts:

Rød Manor – a cultural treasure with over 300 years of history. Guided tours all year round.  It was owned and inhabited by the Tank and Anker families from 1733-1961. The landscaped gardens were laid out as large baroque gardens and were later extended with the addition of an English landscape garden. Treasure hunt for kids. Rød Manor was featured on Toppen Bech’s “Herskapelige” TV series.

 

Halden Cruise Night – Halden is the city in Norway with most classic American cars. Every Wednesday, local and visiting cars congregate.

 

Purke: A true Halden specialty, a large bun that is eaten buttered or as is. Can be bought at all bakeries in Halden

 

The Industrial revolution in Norway – started in Halden: In Tistedalen. The instigator was the phenomenally wealthy merchant, Mads Wiel. During a visit to Copenhagen in 1812, he met Charles Axel Nordberg who operated and developed spinning machines and cotton gins. Mads Wiel first applied to the king in Copenhagen for permission to start a textile factory. Before an answer had been granted, Mads Wiel began building his factory in the spring of 1813. When the union with Sweden became actual in the autumn of 1814, Mads Wiel rewrote his application but this time to the king in Stockholm, Charles XIII. Wiel was granted permission and a new chapter in Norwegian industrial history commenced. Halden’s cotton spinning and weaving factory shut down in 1972.

 

Footwear industry – in the 50s and 60s there were 17 shoe factories in Halden with 800 employees

 

Empire town – Halden centre has many houses built in the Empire style. See attachment.

 

Notable architects – “The Three G’s”:

  • Grosch: - Latin School (1826-30) - Immanuel Church (1827-33) - Søylegården (ca. 1830) - Bruniusgården/old town hall in Borgergata (probably designed by C.H. Grosch ca 1830)
  • Gedde: - Wielgården/Kongegården (1817-20) - Fayegården (ca. 1826-30) - Tollboden (customs house) (1830-31)
  • Garben: - Dietzgården (1829) - Tungegården (ca. 1830s ) - Tollboden (customs house), enlargement (1837) - Fredrikshald’s Theatre (1838

 

The last woman to be executed in Norway met her end in Halden. Sofie Johannesdatter was executed on February 18, 1876. The executioner was Theodor Larsen. Over 2,000 people attended the execution. Sofie Johannesdotter was a maid, a poisoner who gave arsenic to another maid and to two of her employers. In prison in Halden, Sofie became a Christian and her last words were “Now I go home to Jesus!”

 

Halden Prison

  • The old prison: The prison where Sofie Johannesdatter was held is right in the centre. It was built in 1863. There is a bakery here now and visitors can have lunch or drink coffee in the old cells.
  • The new prison: Halden Prison has been described as one of Europe's most modern prisons and is one of Norway’s largest with approximately 250 prisoners. The prison has a high security section, as well as transitional (half-way) housing and carries out detention and prison sentences of various categories. Halden has a high level of professionalism and emphasizes cross-disciplinary cooperation. In its opening year, 2010, the prison was featured in Time magazine as “the most humane prison in the world”.

 

The White Lady – the Fortress’s very own ghost: Unhappy love. She hovers around the bell tower searching for her lost love, a soldier she never won. Would you like to see her? It is said that she floats around the bell tower at midnight and when there is a full moon.

 

IFE – The Institute of Energy Technology was established in 1948 and operates in Halden with research on nuclear safety and reliability. Today, IFE also conducts a lot of research on the manufacture of solar cells and production of renewable energy.  IFE is also one of the drivers of the Halden Project which is an international research collaboration project with state security organisations, national research foundations, and industrial enterprises from 20 countries. The Halden Project contributes to the development of technologies that benefit Norwegian industry and is one of the few places in the world where the United States, China and Russia successfully collaborate. The Halden reactor

IFE has two research reactors and the Halden reactor is used for research on material technology and core fuel safety, meaning there is no risk of any new Chernobyl type accident in Halden. The Halden reactor is located 100 meters inside the mountain, providing a protective shell of 30 to 50 metres’ thickness. The energy produced in the reactor is delivered via heat exchangers as water vapour through pipes to Norske Skog Saubrugs AS, which uses it in its paper production. One of Halden’s largest workplaces with a total of 250 employees from 20 countries. Here, the United States, China and Russia collaborate on the same research project.

 

 

 

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